Sex-role research indicates that androgynous individuals have cognitive abilities which are maximally developed. This may because exceptionally intelligent and creative people are the ones who choose to reject stereotypes, we can not establish causality, but there is a high correlation.(Hoyenga, 256)
Very little research has been done on the development of androgynous behavior in men and women. However, research has shown that androgynous women moved more frequently in childhood, were raised in large communities, had had parents with more education than feminine women. These experiences may promote sex-role flexibility.
In a study done by Kelly and Worell in 1976 college students were asked to recall how their parents treated them when they were 16. Maternal warmth was associated with femininity in males, whereas parental involvement in intellectual activities was associated with masculinity in males. Encouragement of achievement was associated with masculinity in females, whereas strict parental control was feminizing in females. Androgynous people perceived their parents as engaging in both feminine and masculine behavior. Worell states that " the likelihood of androgynous orientation is especially enhanced when the same-sex parent exhibits cross-typed characteristics" (Hoyenga 223)